Grammar

The First Conditional

We use the first conditional to talk about real or possible future situations, to make predictions, offers, suggestions, etc.


If you eat that, you will be ill.
If she needs a car, she can borrow mine.
I’ll stay at home if it rains.

The structure of the first conditional is:
If/when + present simple – will + infinitive.


The “If-clause” is the conditional clause and the other clause(s) is the “main clause” (or “result-clause”) which tells the result.


It is not unusual to use the first conditional structure with: in case, unless, as long as, as soon as instead of “if”


In case you don’t get back by 10, I’ll call the police.
We’ll go for a walk unless it rains.
We will start eating as soon as Juli arrives.

Note: use a comma at the end of an if-clause when an if-clause is at the beginning of the sentence.


Click here to find the lesson about the zero conditional.

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