Are you superstitious? 🙂 Do you ever touch wood when you don't want something bad to happen to you? As a matter of fact, this custom originates from the distant past when people believed that fairies, ghosts and spirits lived in trees. Can you believe it? 🙂 In today's lesson, we will be learning some expressions with "touch".
Here are some expressions with the word "big" to make you sound smarter: big brother, big decision, big deal, ...
The verb "imagine" means to form mental pictures or ideas in your head. It is widely used in the English language to build various phrases and expressions. Here are some commonly used ones
We use the first conditional to talk about real or possible future situations, to make predictions, offers, suggestions, etc. If you eat that, you will be sick.If she needs a car, she can borrow mine.I'll stay at home if it rains. The structure of the first conditional is:If/when + present simple - will + infinitive. … Continue reading The First Conditional
Both "over" and "above" mean 'higher than' and in many cases are interchangeable. But there are some differences between them.
Here are some useful expressions about success to help you on your English learning journey
The adjective "fit" has more than one meaning but in this lesson, we will discuss its meaning as "be in good physical condition", which is related to "fitness".
Sometimes, it can be pretty hard to tell whether something is "made from" or "made of" or even "made out from". Let's look at the explanation
There is a lot of confusion over the phrases "at the end" and "in the end". How many times have you thought "I'll never learn when to use which one." Here is a simple explanation to guide you.
Here are some everyday expressions with "way" I'm sure you'll adopt easily
Here are 5 ways to describe actions happening one after another
Collocations are groups of words that naturally go together. To sound natural, you need to know collocations. In today's lesson, you will learn a few commonly used expressions which collocate with the word "habit"In today's lesson, you will find a few commonly used expressions which collocate with the word "habit"
Here are some common expressions related to newspaper
It is not always clear whether to say "arrive in" or "arrive at" although it is not too complicated. Here is the explanation
Here are 9 easy commonly used phrasal verbs with "up" you must know
Here are some word combinations with the noun "money" that often go together
Phrasal verbs tend to have more than one meaning. The phrasal verb "make up" is definitely one of them. Here are four meanings of this phrasal verbs you can easily adopt.
It is a high holiday season and many of us have been looking forward to our holidays. Whether you're going to the seaside, lakes or mountains, or have some other plans, I'm sure it'll be useful to look at these holiday collocations: City break - a short holiday spent in a large city.Ex: Peter and … Continue reading Holiday Collocations
'Can' and 'could' are modal verbs used in a few different ways.
ANOTHER ONE - one more person or thing.Ex: The cookie is delicious. Can I have another one? ONE MORE - use it to say it is the last one.Ex: I'll take one more piece of cake and it's the last one, I promise. EXTRA - useful addition to the usual amount.Ex: I'd like to earn … Continue reading Other Ways to Say ‘Another’
As a rule, phrasal verbs usually have more than one meaning. Let's look at the meanings of the phrasal verb "pick up":
Here are some 'heart' expressions which could be useful in case you want to have a better understanding and sound more natural in English: Wear your heart on your sleeve - make your feelings obvious. Ex: You shouldn't be wearing your heart on your sleeve at work. By heart - memorize. Ex: Polly learned the … Continue reading “Heart” Expressions
In case you have any doubts or insecurities about using 'will' and 'would', then this post is for you.
Here is a great opportunity to enrich your vocabulary. Learn different ways to say "useful".
There is a lot of fuss over these two words. Some think they are interchangeable, but the fact is that there is a big difference between them. The word ‘sex’ refers to biological aspects, for example: What is the sex of the baby? It is easy to tell the sex of bees. However, the word … Continue reading Mistaken words: Sex & Gender
Here are some useful phrases to help you when complaining: I'm afraid I have a complaint about... I have a complaint to make... There seems to be a problem / something wrong with... Look, I'm sorry to bother you, but... Sorry to bother you, but I wish to complain about... I would be very grateful … Continue reading Ways to Complain
Here are a few "cleaning" expressions you need to know. Nice and clean - very clean. Mary's house was always nice and clean. Spotlessly clean - totally clean. My mother's car is spotlessly clean. Clean up something - remove dirt. It took me two hours to clean up the mess after the party. Spring-clean- clean … Continue reading ‘Cleaning’ Expressions
Enrich your vocabulary with these 5 interesting expressions with the noun "story". There may be similar expressions in your language,
Idiom: Add Insult to Injury
Are you feeling mad sometimes? Or maybe irritated while waiting in a queue? In this lesson, you will find different ways to describe these emotions.
In order to learn the language properly, we need to know expressions such as collocations, phrasal verbs, idiomatic expressions, etc. Here is a great way for you to improve and enrich your vocabulary. Meet the verb “meet”!
Like many others, phrasal verb 'work out' has more than one meaning. Let's look at a few of them: Work out 1 Meaning: to think of a solution for dealing with a problem. Ex: We have to work out a way to fit this shelf here. Environmentalists are trying to work out a solution for … Continue reading Phrasal verb: Work Out
Don’t say: Most children are INCAPABLE TO sit still for longer periods. Say: Most children are INCAPABLE OF sitting still for longer periods. Don't say: That man is CAPABLE TO fix the tap. Say: That man is CAPABLE OF fixing the tap. Note: after the adjectives capable/incapable use the preposition OF + -ING Ex: I … Continue reading Common Mistakes: Capable/Incapable of Doing Something
Words "taste" and "flavour" are not interchangeable, as many may think, and we use them differently. The word TASTE refers to flavours we can feel with our senses: salty, sour, sweet or bitter. The word FLAVOUR refers to the quality of something which affects the sense of taste. Taste and flavour are both verbs and … Continue reading Commonly Mistaken Words: Taste and Flavour
Have your grandparents ever handed down something to you? Learn what it means here. Here are four phrasal verbs with the word "hand"
Are you struggling to remember phrasal verbs? 🙂 Then this is the right post for you. Here are 11 phrasal verbs with 'around' that may come handy any time:
“Borrow” and “lend” often confuse English students. Even some native speakers make mistakes with these 2 words! Both words describe the action of somebody temporarily giving something to somebody else.
Farther and Further are mostly interchangeable, but there is a major difference between them. We use FARTHER when it is about physical distance. Ex: He climbed farther up the hill. It is farther than I expected. We use FURTHER when it is about symbolic distance. Ex: They need to conduct further research. She didn’t want … Continue reading Farther vs Further
Collocations are natural expressions and as such they are essential when learning a language. Here are some typical collocations with the word 'age': For ages - for a long time Ex: It took us ages to get out of the traffic! Look (one's) age - appear as old as you are. Ex: You don't look … Continue reading Collocations with ‘Age’
ENGAGING – pleasant, charming. Ex: Tom has the most engaging smile I’ve ever seen. FASCINATING – attractive, enchanting, very interesting. Ex: The leading actress was fascinating. APPEALING – attractive, interesting. Ex: The idea of moving to Canada was appealing. CAPTIVATING – very attractive. Ex: The beauty of the tourist sight was captivating. SENSATIONAL – outstanding, … Continue reading Different Ways to Say ‘Interesting’
Here are some commonly used prepositions of place with example sentences: IN – The cat is in the cradle. INSIDE – There is some water inside the jug. IN FRONT OF – There is a beautiful garden in front of our house. BEHIND - There was a car behind them. ON – There is a … Continue reading Prepositions of Place
Here are some useful expressions with the word 'move' which can help your English sound more eloquent and natural: Good/bad/important/smart/clever move One smart move could stop the war. Make a move Judith couldn’t make a move when the lights went out. Move back to Move back to the old lifestyle. Move away from Move away … Continue reading Collocations with ‘Move’
Here are some collocation with "say" to help you be more natural when speaking English: Have something/nothing to say Carla had nothing to say regarding the missing things. Want/long to say I want to say the truth! Suffice (it) to say Suffice it to say, I invested much into that business. Dare (not) say I … Continue reading Expressions with “Say”
Come across – meet someone accidentally. Ex: I came across Martha at the meeting yesterday. Come down with – start being ill. Ex: I’m afraid I can’t go out with you tonight. I came down with the flu. Come forward – to offer information about something. Ex: No one came forward to witness last night’s … Continue reading 6 phrasal verbs with ‘come’ you probably don’t know
How many times have you heard these ‘don’t’ expressions on TV or on the Internet and you couldn’t understand their meaning? Here is the chance to learn more about them.
Here are some natural collocations with the verb 'give': Give sb a chance – allow someone to do or be something.Ex: The manager decided to give him a chance and promote him. Give the impression - opinion you have about someone.Ex: Sheila gives the impression that she cares about her work. Give your opinion – … Continue reading 20 Collocations with the Verb ‘Give’
In todays lesson, you will learn 8 must-know phrasal verbs with "over"
In this lesson, you can learn expressions with the adjective 'high' applicable in everyday situations and add them to your vocabulary.
If you decide to wait before you take action, it means that you're holding your fire. If you watched the football match last night, you could see that the local team held the lead to the very end of the game. They definitely held all the aces (cards). If you're able to hold down a … Continue reading 24 Expressions with the Verb ‘Hold’ + 6 Phrasal Verbs
If you love cats as much as I do, then you might be interested in learning these ‘CAT’ idioms: When the cat’s away, the mice will play – to describe what happens when the teacher leaves the classroom/when your boss is away.Ex: They shouldn’t be so loud, but the teacher left the classroom, and when … Continue reading 8 ‘Cat’ Idioms
The question "What do you do?" is used to ask about a person's occupation. You should distinguish it from "What are you doing?" as it refers to your current activity.
Here are six phrasal verbs with the verb 'hold': HOLD TO - keep to something.She was determined to hold to her decision.Sally's always held to her promises. HOLD BACK - retreat.Don't hold back. Tell us what you know about it.I tried to talk to him but he held back immediately. HOLD OFF - postpone, delay, … Continue reading 6 Phrasal Verbs with ‘Hold’
Working as an English teacher for almost three decades, I've learned to talk about various subjects. Talking to a person you've just met can be challenging at times. However, engaging in these common ground topics will not only help you improve your English but also develop your social skills.
Bring about peace - to cause peace to happen.The most efficient way to bring about peace in the country is to negotiate. Hold/keep one's peace - unwilling to talk about something.Many people had witnessed the crime but held their peace. Peace and quiet - free from disturbance.We moved to the country for some peace and … Continue reading PEACE expressions
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Here is a great opportunity to learn five phrasal verbs with "call"
With IN, we use the following time expressions: parts of the day – in the morning, in the afternoon, in the eveningmonths - in February, in Augustseasons – in spring, in summer, in autumn, in winteryears – in 2017, in the 1990s With ON, we use the following time expressions: days of the week – … Continue reading Prepositions of TIME – IN, ON, AT
Indefinite pronouns are: anyone, anything, anybody, anywhere, someone, something, somebody, somewhere, no one, nothing, nobody, nowhere. Indefinite pronouns do not refer to any specific person, thing, place or amount. We normally use –one, -body, -thing, -where to refer to people, things or places in a general way: Anyone could steal your purse. Someone is knocking … Continue reading Indefinite Pronouns
As…as We use as + adjective + as to make comparisons between the things which are equal: Sarah is as pretty as her sister. You have to pack it as carefully as you can. It’s fragile. We worked as hard as we could. Not as … as We use not as … as to make … Continue reading Comparison of Adjectives with as … as, not as … as, etc.
Do you have a tendency to exaggerate or are you brutally honest? 😐 Learn the meanings of 25 expressions which describe personality
Conditional sentences consist of two or more clauses. One of the clauses is the "if clause" and the other is the "main clause". In the real or zero conditional, both if clause and the main clause are usually in the Present Simple Tense.
To take time off – to be absent from work, at home, or on vacation.Ex: I’m going to take a few days off to visit my parents. To take a vacation – to take time away from work, especially when you travel from pleasure.Ex: I’m taking my vacation next month. We’re going to Greece. To take a sabbatical – … Continue reading Time – off Expressions
Here are 10 expressions with "mind" you must know
Most commonly used relative pronouns are who, which, that, whose, when and where. We normally use who for people and some pet animals and which for things. We can use that instead of who or which. The woman who (that) gave me the letter. She gave me the letter which (that) was red. This is the computer which (that) costs a lot of money. Is this the person … Continue reading Relative Pronouns
In this lesson, you will have an opportunity to learn six phrasal verbs with 'ask': ASK FOR – to request to see or speak to someone. Bob asked for you while you were at work. ASK AFTER SOMEBODY – ask about someone’s health. Milly asked after your dad. ASK AROUND – to ask different people … Continue reading 6 Phrasal Verbs with ‘Ask’
In today’s post, I will try to explain the difference between “so” and “such”. “So” and “such” both mean “very”. They are used to strengthen the meaning of adjectives.
Be absorbed in a book - be totally focused on reading. Ex: Derek didn’t hear me because he was absorbed in a book. Bedtime reading - reading in bed. Ex: Would you recommend horror stories for bedtime reading? Compulsive reading - so interesting that you can’t stop reading. Ex: More and more people are indulging … Continue reading Collocations about BOOKS
An adverb is a word that gives more information about a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or even an entire sentence. It can be one word or an adverbial phrase. But, how much do you know about order of adverbs in a sentence?
Here are some collocations with the word "hope" to help you adopt natural English expressions as well as build up your vocabulary: Real / sincere hope It is my sincere hope their marriage will be a happy one. High hopes High hopes of his parents were not realized. False hope Don't give him false hope. … Continue reading Collocations with the Word “Hope”
English learners sometimes get confused about the usage of these two verbs because it's not always easy to decide which one to use. Therefore, we need to be very careful when we use them. We can say that take means to hold or pick something, while get has meanings: obtain, reach, arrive. Besides, both verbs … Continue reading GET vs TAKE
There is a lot of confusion about the prepositions AT, IN, ON related to place. The prepositions IN, ON, AT can be used to locate something. Here are some explanations altogether with example sentences. AT AT is used to describe the position of something at a particular place. Examples: at the bus (railway) station, airport … Continue reading Prepositions of Place – AT, IN, ON
Compound adjectives are adjectives with two or more words and a hyphen between them.
We form them by combining an adjective or number with a noun plus -ED.
Here is a good opportunity to learn some phrasal verbs with the verb "draw"
When we add the suffix -OUS to the nouns, they become adjectives. The suffix -OUS means "full of" or "having the quality of". Let's look at some commonly used adjectives ending in -OUS: ENVIOUS - wanting something that another person has. Ex: You shouldn't be envious of people who have more than you do. DANGEROUS … Continue reading Word building: suffix -OUS
FAR is usually used in questions and negative sentences: London isn’t far from Coventry. Is your job far from your house? However, in affirmative sentences people usually say “a long way”: Los Angeles is a long way from New York. FAR is used in affirmative sentences only when it appears in phrases such as: too … Continue reading Usage of the word FAR
The suffix -able can be added to verbs to form adjectives that mean 'capable of' or 'suitable for'. Here are some examples of the adjectives with the suffix -able: CAPABLE - having the ability to do something. Ex: I am capable of typing very fast. AFFORDABLE - cheap enough. Ex: These holiday arrangements are affordable. … Continue reading Adjectives with the suffix -ABLE
The verbs let, make, have, get and help are called 'causative' verbs because they cause something to happen. As such, these verbs are used in a causative sentence structure.
The structure used to + infinitive is used to talk about past habits, jobs, or hobbies we no longer practice or which we replaced with the new ones I used to play a lot of football when I was younger; now I go to the gym. They used to be good friends, but now they … Continue reading When and how to use “used to”
Ask is a very common verb in English and as such it has several meanings
We all know that nouns have singular and plural forms. But does this rule stand for all nouns? Here are some exceptions.There are three groups of nouns that we use only in the plural. We use them with plural verbs and plural pronouns
It’s summer time and few of us aren't going to hit the road in search for the best tourist destination where we could have proper rest and lots of fun. I hope this post will come handy as it looks at the phrasal verbs used to talk about things when travelling. Go away - go … Continue reading Travel Phrasal Verbs
Most nouns in English have both singular and plural forms. However, there are some nouns that are only used in the singular form.
Who and whom are interrogative pronouns. Many people live their lives without using WHOM at all, thinking that whom should be used in formal situations only. If you want to speak English properly, then you need to know about usage of both WHO and WHOM. The rule is: WHO is used in the subject position … Continue reading WHO or WHOM?
We use reciprocal pronouns each other and one another when two or more people are acting on each other. Rhina and Sam saw each other yesterday. The boys helped one another do their homework. They talk to each other in French. Both each other and one another refer to either persons or things. They connected … Continue reading Reciprocal Pronouns: Each Other & One Another
Prepositions of place refer to a location of something. They answer the question ‘where’. Take a look at these prepositions of place: Above -- over or higher than There was a mirror above his head. Below -- in a lower level The temperature dropped to 10 degrees below zero last night. Beside -- near, at … Continue reading Prepositions of Place
In today's lesson, we will be talking about reflexive pronouns. The reflexive pronouns are: Singular: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself Plural: ourselves, yourselves, themselves
ACROSS and OVER are both prepositions and adverbs. They are in most cases interchangeable. Look at these sentences: They had to go across the river to get to their house. We walked over the bridge in the misty morning. However, when the meaning is ‘from side to side’, ACROSS is preferred: I ran across the … Continue reading Across vs Over vs Through
The 'Oxford comma' or the 'serial comma' is an optional comma before the word 'and' or ’or’ in a list: They have a dog, a cat, and a hamster. Do you have this shirt in black, white, or grey colour? The reason it is called the Oxford comma is because it was primarily used … Continue reading The Oxford Comma: yes or no?
We sometimes use verbs ending in –ed and –ing as adjectives: I like painted furniture. Do you like smoked meat? The police are looking for a missing person. Some people say Leonardo da Vinci invented first flying machine. Many –ed and –ing adjectives describe feelings, but we use them in different ways. We use: -ed adjectives to describe how we feel: I’m confused. The students are interested. -ing adjectives to describe the thing that causes … Continue reading -ED and -ING Forms of Adjectives
Don't you agree that "however" is a bit overused word? Well, here are some adequate alternatives: After all All the same Albeit Alternatively Although Anyhow At any rate Be that as it may But By way of contrast Conversely Despite that Even so For all that In contrast In whatever way Having said that In … Continue reading Other ways to say “however”
The Definite Article THE is the most frequently used word in English. It is the same for all genders in singular or plural. Definite article is used to refer to a particular phenomenon or a thing. It can be something already mentioned or something specified. We use THE: with the words beach, cinema, theatre, world, weekend… (We’re going to the beach … Continue reading The Definite Article THE
We normally use HAVE/HAS BEEN in the Present Perfect Continuous Tense. HAS BEEN is used if the subject is third person singular (he/she/it) and HAVE BEEN is used for all other persons (I/you/we/they). The Present Perfect Continuous refers to an action that started in the past and is still continuing in the present. Examples: … Continue reading When and how to use HAVE/HAS BEEN
It can be pretty hard to take notes when the teacher is speaking English in ‘light’ speed, watch a film without subtitles or even listen to a podcast. You may find yourself struggling to concentrate or getting nervous because it’s ‘too fast’. It’s frustrating. You've been studying English for so long and you still have … Continue reading 7 Tips to Help You Improve Your Listening Skills
When learning English, it is essential to work out when and how to use formal language. Informal language is usually in a casual context,so it may use abbreviations, contractions, emojis, and slang. We use it in our everyday communication with friends and family.
LATER Adverbs of time later is usually placed at the end or beginning of a sentence. I will call you later. Later, we went to the zoo. It can also be placed after the main verb and usually has a function of comparative. Our mail arrived later than usual. YET YET is primarily used in negative … Continue reading Adverbs of Time
Here are 28+ commonly used expressions with "change" you might use to make your English sound more natural. I'm sure you'll like some of them as well as use them frequently.
English is an international language, approximately quarter of the world population speaks English as a native or second language. Business English is the general term used for English related to international commerce, finance and industry. In the global environment, it has become common for non-native English speakers to study Business English as a specific tool, … Continue reading Why is learning of Business English so important today?
Any longer and any more (or anymore) are synonyms. Unlike any longer and any more, no longer is used in positive sentences because it makes the sentence negative.
Especially and specially are adverbs. Especially means more than usual, most of all, in particular. Judith likes chocolate, especially the dark one. I like tea, especially green tea. He’s usually tired in the evening, but he was especially tired this evening. Specially is used to talk about particular purpose or way of something. This dress … Continue reading Especially and Specially
Also, as well and too are adverbs that have a similar meaning but they do not go in the same position in a sentence.
Have got and have mean the same but have got is more informal. Look at these sentences: I’ve got some money in my wallet. or I have some money in my wallet. (more formal) Tom hasn’t got a dog or Tom doesn’t have a dog. (more formal) We normally use have … Continue reading Have and Have Got
It’s a holiday season. Whether you’re spending your holiday in a fancy hotel or just want to take your girl-friend to a restaurant for a meal, here is some useful vocabulary to help you out: Could we see the menu/drinks menu, please? Could we have a bottle of sparkling/still mineral water, please? The bread … Continue reading Restaurant Collocations
I'm sure most of you are familiar with Latin abbreviations use in English. There are many of them but I’ll try to explain most frequently used ones. e.g. (exampli gratia) We use “e.g.” for giving specific examples. Ex: I feel like eating something sweet, e.g. ice cream. i.e. (id est) This abbreviation is used to … Continue reading Latin Abbreviations in English
"Keep" is one of the most common verbs in English, and it forms lots of phrasal verbs, collocations and idioms. Here are some of them to help you express yourselves more naturally
Here is an overview of personal and impersonal passive constructions in English
The word punctuation comes from a Latin word meaning “inserting pauses in writing.” Here are an overview and usage guide for the punctuation in English
Here are five expressive idioms with the verb 'live': Live and breathe something – be devoted to a particular activity. I lived and breathed sport while I was a child. Live to tell the tale – survive something dangerous and be able to tell the others about it. Some people survive cancer and live to … Continue reading Expressions with ‘Live’
When we give our opinion, we say what we think about something. We can express our opinion in many different ways, but we should take care of the way we’re expressing it. The thing is that we should try not to be too direct as it may be contradictory to someone else’s opinion. Here are … Continue reading Ways to Express Your Opinion in English
We make requests when we ask someone to do something for us. Therefore, we should be polite and try not to be too direct. For example, we shouldn’t say: “Lend me your car for the weekend” because the person we’re asking for a favour will most probably not lend us the car because we sound rude.
We use the phrase “another one” to mention one more thing of the same kind. I really liked the film. Let’s watch another one. I passed the test and I’ll never have to pass another one because I graduated. We can use the phrase “another one” for a different thing of the same kind. -I … Continue reading The Phrase “Another One”
There is a lot of confusion about these two words because they are similar in meaning. Here are some important differences between them:
If we want to speak a foreign language properly, we need to learn the words that ‘collocate’ (go together) to sound natural. Here are some commonly used collocations about physical appearance:
We can add the suffix –less (meaning without) to some nouns and create a new adjective.
Many verbs make phrasal verbs. One of the most common ones is the verb “go”. Here are 46+ phrasal verbs with “go” you should try to learn in context and incorporate into your everyday speech.
The verbs bring and take are often mistaken because they both describe the movement from one location to another. The main difference is that bring describes movement toward someone or something: I’ll bring some tea. Pam brought a friend to the party. We should bring a camera to the picnic with us. On the other … Continue reading Bring or Take?
In this post, we are going to focus on vocabulary related to work in English so that you can get a greater knowledge of this specific vocabulary. Below are some words that you may come across when searching for a job or on the job altogether with example sentences
If you are a foreign language learner, then you probably often find yourself translating words and sentences from your native language to the language you’re learning or vice versa. As a matter of fact, it is a natural thing to do. Yet, you could add to your fluency if you stopped doing it. Here … Continue reading 4 Tips to Stop Translating in Your Head and Start Thinking in English
The ideal way of studying a language hasn’t been found yet, but here are some advice on how you should study a language in order to get on fluency and build self-confidence. We all know that everyone learns differently but here are some methods you can use. If you’re diligent and persevere to them, I … Continue reading How to Learn English
Analyse the sentence: I could hardly stand. Is the word hardly an adjective or an adverb? How is it formed? Remember: Adverbs are normally formed by adding -ly to the corresponding adjective; e.g. easy - easily, quiet - quietly, successful - successfully A few adverbs have the same form as the corresponding adjectives: e.g. fast, … Continue reading Adverbs – Formation and Meaning
Here are ten most frequent phrasal verbs with 'take': Take after - to look or behave similarly as somebody in your family. I take after my grandma. My daughter takes after her dad. Take to - to start doing something regularly, develop a habit. He took to drinking. He was too weak, so he took … Continue reading Phrasal Verbs with ‘Take’
Here are some common English expressions which could be useful in many different situations: Save a bundle – save a lot of money.Ex: I saved a bundle by buying things on sales. Save one’s breath – it’s no use talking to someone if they’re not listening.Ex: Save your breath! They can’t hear you because of … Continue reading Expressions with ‘SAVE’
There are many phrases in English that use two words connected with 'and'. For example wine and dine, home and hosed. These expressions are known as binomials. In these phrases the word order is usually fixed; we always say 'wine and dine', we never say 'dine and wine'. Home and hosed – safe and successful. … Continue reading Binomials
We use ‘one’ as a pronoun meaning ‘anyone’ to refer to people in general when we want to be formal. In everyday speech we use ‘you’ in an informal way to mean ‘anyone'. Ex: I like to go to picnic in this area, although there are no shops here and one has to take one’s … Continue reading One & Ones
The phrase “how long does it take” refers to the length of time needed to perform an action. A: How long does it take to travel from London to Coventry? B: It takes an hour by train. A: How long does it take you to build the garage? B: I guess it’ll take me about … Continue reading How Long Does It Take?
“Had better” is normally used with infinitive without to to give advice about specific situations or make recommendations. We use the same form for present, past or future without changing the ‘had’ into ‘have’. The short form is 'd better. Ex: You’d better go to school now. We’d better tell her all about it. … Continue reading Had Better
I want to buy a bicycle. I agree to pay the bill. He refused to come with us. We are lucky to find such a good apartment. Joanna tends to be a bit shy. Tom promised to be back at 8 o’clock. I am glad to meet you. I decided to study chemistry. He deserves … Continue reading Words and Phrases Followed by Infinitive
I despise waking up early. I succeeded in finishing my project on time. Jane has been avoiding seeing Michael ever since they had an argument. The kids admitted stealing the statue from the park. I enjoy eating a hearty breakfast. It’s no use looking for your pencil. Here, take mine. I’m busy scheduling. He apologized … Continue reading Words and Phrases Followed by Gerund
Earn a fortune - to earn a lot of money He made a fortune on the stock market. Tighten your belt - to reduce the amount of money that you normally spend. We’ve had to tighten our belts since my wife lost her job. Chicken feed - an amount of money that is too small … Continue reading Idioms about Money
There are two forms of indifinite article in English - 'a' and 'an'. We use 'a' when the word following the article starts wih a consonant sound (a street, a house, a desk), but we normally use 'an' when the word following the article starts with a vowel sound (an umbrella, an apple, an hour). … Continue reading The Indefinite Article A (An)
Question tags are very common in spoken English. We use them to keep conversation going by involving listeners and inviting them to participate. The most common patterns are: positive sentence – negative tag, or negative sentence – positive tag. You’re Jenny, aren’t you? It isn’t a very nice day, is it? We repeat the auxiliary … Continue reading Question Tags
The main difference between good and well is: Good is an adjective and well is an adverb. Sarah paints well. Jim is a good painter. Things become confusing after linking verbs; we use good after linking verbs such as: be, taste, sound, smell, look, seem and feel if we want to describe the subject, not … Continue reading Good & Well
A formal letter is a letter written to someone you do not know, therefore you should generally use more formal language than in letters you write to your family or friends, avoid phrasal verbs and involve more complex sentence structure. Here are some useful phrases for formal letter writing: Dear Mr/Ms (surname), Dear Sir/Madam/Sir or … Continue reading Formal Letter
Beginning Dear (first name), Thank you for your letter/mail. It was great to hear from you. I’m sorry I haven’t been in touch you for such a long time. I hope you’re having a good/great time. Inquiring about their news How are you/your family? / How are things? Great news about … Glad to hear … Continue reading INFORMAL LETTER
Gloves are off A situation which includes a serious dispute or even fight in order to achieve something. Ex: I have been a friendly person so far, but now the gloves are off! Below the belt If something is below the belt, then we are talking about unacceptable behavior. Ex: He told her that she … Continue reading Expressions using ’clothes’
Both 'Shall' and 'Will' are modal verbs used to express future tense. If you've ever had any doubts whether to use shall or will in the Simple Future Tense, WILL is used for all persons in both singular and plural. We will begin to work in September. How long do you think this heat will … Continue reading Shall & Will
Adjectives give more information about nouns. Their form does not change for singular and plural nouns or for male and female: A young girl and two young boys came to the party. Adjectives usually come before a noun: a white lamb a lamb white We can put two or more adjectives before a noun. We … Continue reading Adjectives with Nouns and Verbs
Wish you good luck with these 'luck' expressions: Twist of fate A change in a sequence of events. By a twist of fate, they met again in New York. A stroke of good luck Something good that happens when you least expect it. I opened the book on exactly the same page by a stroke … Continue reading ‘Luck’ expressions
A while back / a while ago About time After a while Ahead of time All along / all the while All day long At all times At that point / moment At times / sometimes At the same time At the worst possible time Every now and then / from time to time Every … Continue reading TIME expressions
Word order in reported questions When we report a question, we change the word order of the question - it becomes the same word order as a statement. Note: We do not use auxiliary do, does or did in reported questions: Wrong: He asked what time did the flight leave Paris. Right: He asked … Continue reading Reported Questions
We can use relative clauses to make two sentences into one sentence. This is my friend. He lives in New York There are three books. They form the ‘Lord of the Rings’ series I’ve got a camera It takes great photos. This is my friend who lives in New York. There are three … Continue reading Relative Clauses with WHO, WHICH and THAT
Can / Be able to (ability in the present/future) 'Can' is more usual and less formal than 'be able to' when talking about the present or future. Ann can type fast. I can pay you next week. (usual) I will be able to pay you next week. (less usual) Was able to (= managed to … Continue reading Modal Verbs of Ability
We sometimes put more than one adjective before a noun. Their order is as follows: Number or quantity (one, two…, a few, many…) Opinion or quality (nice, ugly, beautiful) Size (large, small, short) Shape (round, square) Age (two-year-old, young) Color (yellow, brownish) Origin (Italian, Medieval) Material (wooden, glass) Purpose (cooking, driving) We normally separate … Continue reading Order of Adjectives
We use "wish" and "if only" to express regret about situations in the present, future and past which are impossible to happen.
We sometimes use verbs ending in –ed and –ing as adjectives: I like painted furniture. Do you like smoked meat? The police are looking for a missing person. Some people say Leonardo da Vinci invented first flying machine. Many –ed and –ing adjectives describe feelings, but we use them in different ways. We use: -ed … Continue reading -ED and -ING forms of adjectives
We use much, many and a lot of to talk about a large amount; we don’t know the exact amount. · We usually use much and many in negative sentences and questions: + UNCOUNTABLE NOUN We haven’t got much water. + COUNTABLE NOUN There aren’t many cans of cola. · We use a lot of … Continue reading Much, many, a lot of (lots of)