Zero Conditional

Conditional sentences consist of two or more clauses. One of the clauses is the "if clause" and the other is the "main clause". In the first conditional, b0th if clause and main clause are usually in Present Simple Tense. If I can't sleep, I listen to the radio. The zero conditional is used for talking … Continue reading Zero Conditional

How to Use “So” and “Such” Correctly

So and such are used to strengthen the meaning of adjectives. So is used before an adjective without a noun. For example: The film was so boring. My neighbors are so loud. Such is used before an adjective that comes with a noun. For example: It is such a lovely day today. This water pipe … Continue reading How to Use “So” and “Such” Correctly

Causative verbs: Let, Make, Have, Get, Help

The verbs let, make, have, get and help are called 'causative' verbs because they cause something to happen. As such, these verbs are used in a causative sentence structure.

When and how to use “used to”

The structure used to + infinitive is used to talk about past habits, jobs, or hobbies we no longer practice or which we replaced with the new ones I used to play a lot of football when I was younger; now I go to the gym. They used to be good friends, but now they … Continue reading When and how to use “used to”

Nouns Which are Only Plural

There are three groups of nouns that we use only in the plural. We use them with plural verbs and plural pronouns: Your glasses are dirty. Take a tissue to wipe them. These groups of nouns are: 1) Nouns related to items consisting of two parts (glasses, scissors, jeans, trousers…) My new trousers are so … Continue reading Nouns Which are Only Plural

Nouns which are only singular

Most nouns in English have both singular and plural forms. However, there are some nouns that are only used in the singular form. These are: Names of particular people, places, events, etc. Peter, Johnson, Trafalgar Square, Easter, Saturday… Although, you can use them in the plural if you think of them in a ‘countable’ way: … Continue reading Nouns which are only singular


Who and whom are interrogative pronouns. Many people live their lives without using WHOM at all, thinking that whom should be used in formal situations only. If you want to speak English properly, then you need to know about usage of both WHO and WHOM. The rule is: WHO is used in the subject position … Continue reading WHO or WHOM?

Reciprocal Pronouns: Each Other & One Another

We use reciprocal pronouns each other and one another when two or more people are acting on each other. Rhina and Sam saw each other yesterday. The boys helped one another do their homework. They talk to each other in French. Both each other and one another refer to either persons or things. They connected … Continue reading Reciprocal Pronouns: Each Other & One Another

Prepositions of Place

Prepositions of place refer to a location of something. They answer the question ‘where’. Take a look at these prepositions of place: Above -- over or higher than There was a mirror above his head. Below -- in a lower level The temperature dropped to 10 degrees below zero last night. Beside -- near, at … Continue reading Prepositions of Place

Reflexive Pronouns

The reflexive pronouns are: Singular: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself Plural: ourselves, yourselves, themselves Reflexive pronouns are used after certain verbs such as: cut, burn, enjoy, hurt, look at, amuse, dry, kill, satisfy, teach, etc. We use them when the subject and the object of the verb are the same person. I made myself a salad. He cut himself … Continue reading Reflexive Pronouns