Be Used to & Get Used to

Many people get confused over “be used to” and “get used to”. They don’t know when to use which construction. Well, here is the explanation

How to Use WOULD in English

Would is a modal and auxiliary verb and the past form of "will". We can use it in several ways in English

The First Conditional

We use the first conditional to talk about real or possible future situations, to make predictions, offers, suggestions, etc. Learn about the first conditional sentences and do the quiz

MADE OF / FROM / OUT OF / WITH

Sometimes, it can be pretty hard to tell whether something is "made from" or "made of" or even "made out from". Let's look at the explanation

Arrive in or Arrive at?

It is not always clear whether to say "arrive in" or "arrive at" although it is not too complicated. Here is the explanation

Using Can and Could

'Can' and 'could' are modal verbs used in a few different ways.

Will and Would

In case you have any doubts or insecurities about using 'will' and 'would', then this post is for you.

Prepositions of Place

Here are some commonly used prepositions of place with example sentences

Prepositions of TIME – IN, ON, AT

We normally use: IN for MONTHS, YEARS, SEASONS, DECADES, and CENTURIES ON for DAYS and DATES AT for a SPECIFIC TIME

Indefinite Pronouns

Indefinite pronouns are: anyone, anything, anybody, anywhere, someone, something, somebody, somewhere, no one, nothing, nobody, nowhere. Indefinite pronouns do not refer to any specific person, thing, place or amount.  We normally use –one, -body, -thing, -where to refer to people, things or places in a general way: Anyone could steal your purse. Someone is knocking … Continue reading Indefinite Pronouns

Comparison of Adjectives with as … as, not as … as, etc.

As…as We use as + adjective + as to make comparisons between the things which are equal: Sarah is as pretty as her sister. You have to pack it as carefully as you can. It’s fragile. We worked as hard as we could. Not as … as We use not as … as to make … Continue reading Comparison of Adjectives with as … as, not as … as, etc.

Zero Conditional

Conditional sentences consist of two or more clauses. One of the clauses is the "if clause" and the other is the "main clause". In the real or zero conditional, both if clause and the main clause are usually in the Present Simple Tense.

Relative Pronouns

Most commonly used relative pronouns are who, which, that, whose, when and where. We normally use who for people and some pet animals and which for things. We can use that instead of who or which. The woman who (that) gave me the letter. She gave me the letter which (that) was red. This is the computer which (that) costs a lot of money. Is this the person … Continue reading Relative Pronouns

How to Use “So” and “Such” Correctly

In today’s post, I will try to explain the difference between “so” and “such”. “So” and “such” both mean “very”. They are used to strengthen the meaning of adjectives.

Order of Adverbs

An adverb is a word that gives more information about a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or even an entire sentence. It can be one word or an adverbial phrase. But, how much do you know about order of adverbs in a sentence?

GET vs TAKE

English learners sometimes get confused about the usage of these two verbs because it's not always easy to decide which one to use. Therefore, we need to be very careful when we use them. We can say that take means to hold or pick something, while get has meanings: obtain, reach, arrive. Besides, both verbs … Continue reading GET vs TAKE

Prepositions of Place – AT, IN, ON

There is a lot of confusion about the prepositions AT, IN, ON related to place. The prepositions IN, ON, AT can be used to locate something. Here are some explanations altogether with example sentences. AT AT is used to describe the position of something at a particular place. Examples: at the bus (railway) station, airport … Continue reading Prepositions of Place – AT, IN, ON

Adjectives with the suffix -ABLE

The suffix -able can be added to verbs to form adjectives that mean 'capable of' or 'suitable for'. Here are some examples of the adjectives with the suffix -able: CAPABLE - having the ability to do something. Ex: I am capable of typing very fast. AFFORDABLE - cheap enough. Ex: These holiday arrangements are affordable. … Continue reading Adjectives with the suffix -ABLE

Causative verbs: Let, Make, Have, Get, Help

The verbs let, make, have, get and help are called 'causative' verbs because they cause something to happen. As such, these verbs are used in a causative sentence structure.

Use of “Used to”

In this lesson, we will be learning about the use of “used to”. The structure used to + infinitive is used to talk about past habits, jobs, or hobbies we no longer practice or which we replaced with the new ones

Nouns Which are Only Plural

We all know that nouns have singular and plural forms. But does this rule stand for all nouns? Here are some exceptions.There are three groups of nouns that we use only in the plural. We use them with plural verbs and plural pronouns

Nouns That are Only Singular

Most nouns in English have both singular and plural forms. However, there are some nouns that are only used in the singular form.

WHO or WHOM?

Who and whom are interrogative pronouns. Many people live their lives without using WHOM at all, thinking that whom should be used in formal situations only. If you want to speak English properly, then you need to know about usage of both WHO and WHOM. The rule is: WHO is used in the subject position … Continue reading WHO or WHOM?

Reciprocal Pronouns: Each Other & One Another

We use reciprocal pronouns each other and one another when two or more people are acting on each other. Rhina and Sam saw each other yesterday. The boys helped one another do their homework. They talk to each other in French. Both each other and one another refer to either persons or things. They connected … Continue reading Reciprocal Pronouns: Each Other & One Another

Reflexive Pronouns

In today's lesson, we will be talking about reflexive pronouns. The reflexive pronouns are: Singular: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself Plural: ourselves, yourselves, themselves

Across vs Over vs Through

ACROSS  and OVER are both prepositions and adverbs. They are in most cases interchangeable. Look at these sentences: They had to go across the river to get to their house. We walked over the bridge in the misty morning. However, when the meaning is ‘from side to side’, ACROSS is preferred: I ran across the … Continue reading Across vs Over vs Through

The Oxford Comma: yes or no?

The 'Oxford comma' or the 'serial comma' is an optional comma before the word 'and' or ’or’ in a list: They have a dog, a cat, and a hamster.   Do you have this shirt in black, white, or grey colour? The reason it is called the Oxford comma is because it was primarily used … Continue reading The Oxford Comma: yes or no?

-ED and -ING Forms of Adjectives

We sometimes use verbs ending in –ed and –ing as adjectives: I like painted furniture. Do you like smoked meat? The police are looking for a missing person. Some people say Leonardo da Vinci invented first flying machine. Many –ed and –ing adjectives describe feelings, but we use them in different ways. We use: -ed adjectives to describe how we feel: I’m confused. The students are interested. -ing adjectives to describe the thing that causes … Continue reading -ED and -ING Forms of Adjectives

The Definite Article THE

The Definite Article THE is the most frequently used word in English. It is the same for all genders in singular or plural. Definite article is used to refer to a particular phenomenon or a thing. It can be something already mentioned or something specified. We use THE: with the words beach, cinema, theatre, world, weekend… (We’re going to the beach … Continue reading The Definite Article THE

When and how to use HAVE/HAS BEEN

  We normally use HAVE/HAS BEEN in the Present Perfect Continuous Tense. HAS BEEN is used if the subject is third person singular (he/she/it) and HAVE BEEN is used for all other persons (I/you/we/they). The Present Perfect Continuous refers to an action that started in the past and is still continuing in the present. Examples: … Continue reading When and how to use HAVE/HAS BEEN

Adverbs of Time

LATER Adverbs of time later is usually placed at the end or beginning of a sentence. I will call you later. Later, we went to the zoo. It can also be placed after the main verb and usually has a function of comparative. Our mail arrived later than usual. YET YET is primarily used in negative … Continue reading Adverbs of Time

Also, as well or too?

Also, as well and too are adverbs that have a similar meaning but they do not go in the same position in a sentence.

Have and Have Got

Have got and have mean the same but have got is more informal. Look at these sentences: I’ve got some money in my wallet.    or    I have some money in my wallet. (more formal) Tom hasn’t got a dog     or    Tom doesn’t have a dog. (more formal) We normally use have … Continue reading Have and Have Got

Personal and Impersonal Passive

Here is an overview of personal and impersonal passive constructions in English

Punctuation

The word punctuation comes from a Latin word meaning “inserting pauses in writing.” Here are an overview and usage guide for the punctuation in English

The Phrase “Another One”

We use the phrase “another one” to mention one more thing of the same kind. I really liked the film. Let’s watch another one. I passed the test and I’ll never have to pass another one because I graduated. We can use the phrase “another one” for a different thing of the same kind. -I … Continue reading The Phrase “Another One”

Adjectives Ending in “-less”

We can add the suffix –less (meaning without) to some nouns and create a new adjective.

Adverbs – Formation and Meaning

Analyse the sentence: I could hardly stand. Is the word hardly an adjective or an adverb? How is it formed? Remember: Adverbs are normally formed by adding -ly to the corresponding adjective; e.g. easy - easily, quiet - quietly, successful - successfully A few adverbs have the same form as the corresponding adjectives: e.g. fast, … Continue reading Adverbs – Formation and Meaning

One & Ones

We use ‘one’ as a pronoun meaning ‘anyone’ to refer to people in general when we want to be formal. In everyday speech we use ‘you’ in an informal way to mean ‘anyone'. Ex: I like to go to picnic in this area, although there are no shops here and one has to take one’s … Continue reading One & Ones

Had Better

“Had better” is normally used with infinitive without to to give advice about specific situations or make recommendations.We use the same form for the present, past or future without changing the “had” into “have”.

Words and Phrases Followed by Infinitive

I want to buy a bicycle. I agree to pay the bill. He refused to come with us. We are lucky to find such a good apartment. Joanna tends to be a bit shy. Tom promised to be back at 8 o’clock. I am glad to meet you. I decided to study chemistry. He deserves … Continue reading Words and Phrases Followed by Infinitive

Words and Phrases Followed by Gerund

I despise waking up early. I succeeded in finishing my project on time. Jane has been avoiding seeing Michael ever since they had an argument. The kids admitted stealing the statue from the park. I enjoy eating a hearty breakfast. It’s no use looking for your pencil. Here, take mine. I’m busy scheduling. He apologized … Continue reading Words and Phrases Followed by Gerund

The Indefinite Article A (An)

There are two forms of indifinite article in English - 'a' and 'an'. We use 'a' when the word following the article starts wih a consonant sound (a street, a house, a desk), but we normally use 'an' when the word following the article starts with a vowel sound (an umbrella, an apple, an hour). … Continue reading The Indefinite Article A (An)

Question Tags

Question tags are very common in spoken English. We use them to keep conversation going by involving listeners and inviting them to participate. The most common patterns are: positive sentence – negative tag, or negative sentence – positive tag. You’re Jenny, aren’t you? It isn’t a very nice day, is it? We repeat the auxiliary … Continue reading Question Tags

Shall & Will

Both 'Shall' and 'Will' are modal verbs used to express future tense. If you've  ever had any doubts whether to use shall or will in the Simple Future Tense, WILL is used for all persons in both singular and plural. We will begin to work in September. How long do you think this heat will … Continue reading Shall & Will

Adjectives with Nouns and Verbs

Adjectives give more information about nouns. Their form does not change for singular and plural nouns or for male and female: A young girl and two young boys came to the party. Adjectives usually come before a noun:  a white lamb   a lamb white We can put two or more adjectives before a noun. We … Continue reading Adjectives with Nouns and Verbs

Reported Questions

Word order in reported questions When we report a question, we change the word order of the question - it becomes the same word order as a statement. Note: We do not use auxiliary do, does or did in reported questions: Wrong:  He asked what time did the flight leave Paris.    Right: He asked … Continue reading Reported Questions

Relative Clauses with WHO, WHICH and THAT

We can use relative clauses to make two sentences into one sentence.   This is my friend. He lives in New York There are three books. They form the ‘Lord of the Rings’ series I’ve got a camera It takes great photos.   This is my friend who lives in New York. There are three … Continue reading Relative Clauses with WHO, WHICH and THAT

Modal Verbs of Ability

Can / Be able to (ability in the present/future) 'Can' is more usual and less formal than 'be able to' when talking about the present or future. Ann can type fast. I can pay you next week. (usual) I will be able to pay you next week. (less usual) Was able to (= managed to … Continue reading Modal Verbs of Ability

Order of Adjectives

  We sometimes put more than one adjective before a noun. Their order is as follows: Number or quantity (one, two…, a few, many…) Opinion or quality (nice, ugly, beautiful) Size (large, small, short) Shape (round, square) Age (two-year-old, young) Color (yellow, brownish) Origin (Italian, Medieval) Material (wooden, glass) Purpose (cooking, driving) We normally separate … Continue reading Order of Adjectives

Wishes and Regrets In English

We use "wish" and "if only" to express regret about situations in the present, future and past which are impossible to happen.

-ED and -ING forms of adjectives

We sometimes use verbs ending in –ed and –ing as adjectives: I like painted furniture. Do you like smoked meat? The police are looking for a missing person. Some people say Leonardo da Vinci invented first flying machine. Many –ed and –ing adjectives describe feelings, but we use them in different ways. We use: -ed … Continue reading -ED and -ING forms of adjectives

Much, many, a lot of (lots of)

Here is another grammar lesson. You probably think that you already know all about it as it is basic English grammar but I assure you things aren't that simple. Read further on and find out whether you really know all about these words. Much, many, and a lot of (lots of) are quantifiers. We use … Continue reading Much, many, a lot of (lots of)