The Suffix -WARD
Hi English learners. Welcome to a new lesson. We will look at the words using the suffix -ward.
We use the suffix -ward with the nouns (homeward, eastward) and prepositions (inward, forward) to form adjectives which denote direction.
Here is the list of the words using the suffix -ward:
- Eastward (westward, northward, southward)
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Meaning: pointing or moving up.
- Prices of oil show an upward tendency.
- When she called its name, the dog gave her an upward look.
Meaning: pointing or moving down.
- The singer’s popularity was on a downward spiral.
- The research showed a downward trend in sales.
Meaning: towards the left (right)
- The new leadership seems to push the country in a leftward direction.
- When you read English, you have to move your eyes in the rightward direction.
Meaning: in the direction that is in front.
- Monica leaned forward to take the milk.
- This is a big step forward regarding negotiations between the two countries.
Meaning: in the direction that is opposite from where you are facing.
- Martin made a backward step when he saw a dog.
- The gymnast did an amazing backward somersault.
Meaning: in the direction of.
- A man was walking toward the building.
- The theatre audience was moving toward the exit.
Meaning: toward home.
- It was getting dark, so Sean decided to drive homeward.
- The train was full of commuters heading homeward.
Meaning: in the direction of the sea.
- When he looked seaward, he could see a huge ship.
- There was moss growing on the seaward wall of the house.
Meaning: after the time mentioned.
- They had lunch, and right afterward they went for a walk.
- Would you be kind to stay afterward and help us tidy up?
Meaning: toward the inside.
- The door of the room was opening inward.
- When he pressed the ball, it bent inward.
Eastward (westward, northward, southward)
Meaning: in the direction of the east (west, north, south).
- The soldiers were marching northward, over the hills.
- Tom followed the road leading southward.
Meaning: towards heaven.
- Simon lifted his eyes heavenward.
- The violets were fighting their way heavenward.
Meaning: towards the direction the wind is blowing from.
- The yacht was sailing windward.
- The village was placed on the windward part of the coast.
The difference between the suffixes “-ward” and “-wards”
While we use the suffix -ward to form adjectives, -wards is used to form adverbs.
- The graph showed a downward trend. (adjective describing a noun trend)
- The man was sitting facing downwards. (an adverb showing direction)
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