Phrases to Use for Paraphrasing
Hi English learners. Welcome to a new lesson. We are going to look at the phrases for paraphrasing.
To paraphrase means to repeat something written or spoken using different words, often in a humorous form or in a simpler and shorter form that makes the original meaning clearer. (Cambridge English Dicitonary)
Here is the list of the phrases you can use for paraphrasing:
- In other words
- In a word
- Simply put/to put simply
- What I mean is…
- In a nutshell
- That is to say
- To put it differently
- To be specific
In other words
Meaning: to explain something more clearly.
- We do everything in our power to clear out the roads after last night’s storm; in a word, we are clearing them and spreading salt and sand to prevent slipping.
- It was very difficult sleeping in the noisy hotel; in other words, almost impossible.
In a word
Meaning: use the phrase to state your opinion in a few words.
- In order to make a research paper, you need to collect information; in a word, do interviews and surveys.
- We are usually very busy at the end of the year; in a word, we are snowed under with work.
Simply put/to put simply
Meaning: use it to explain something more simply and clearly.
- Taxes are beneficial for the development and improvement of public services, or, simply put, for social security.
- Scientists predict that by 2050 there will be more than 9 billion people in the world; to put it simply, the planet will be overpopulated.
What I mean is…
Meaning: use it to explain your statement more clearly.
- I’m afraid it won’t be easy to eliminate sugar from your diet. What I mean is that sugar is addictive and you’ll crave it.
- I didn’t mean to criticize you. What I meant was to prevent you from making a mistake.
In a nutshell
Meaning: use the idiom to explain something briefly.
- I can’t see the tour guide and other people from our group. In a nutshell, I think we’re lost.
- If you want to understand the lecture you need to have a laptop and pre-reading notes. In a nutshell, you need to be prepared.
That is to say
Meaning: use the phrase to state your opinion more clearly.
- The tourist agency is organizing our stay on the island, that is to say accommodation and food.
- The number of people going to the gym is growing, that is to say, the fitness industry is flourishing.
To put it differently
Meaning: in other words.
- My boss thinks I don’t do my job very well; or, to put it differently, he wants to let me go.
- The weather is changing rapidly these days. To put it differently, we can expect a drop in temperature and heavy snow.
To be specific
Meaning: to be more precise.
- Drinking water is no longer safe for use; to be specific, a significant amount of chemicals was found in it after the ecological disaster.
- Parents are supposed to provide care for a child; to be more specific, food, clothing, housing and healthcare.
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