Much, many, a lot of (lots of)

Published by My Lingua Academy on

Here is another grammar lesson. You probably think that you already know all about it as it is basic English grammar but I assure you things aren’t that simple. Read further on and find out whether you really know all about these words. Much, many, and a lot of (lots of) are quantifiers. We use them to talk about large amounts; we don’t know the exact amount.

We usually use much and many in negative sentences and questions:

+ UNCOUNTABLE  NOUN   

We haven’t got much water.

Is there much sand on the beach?

Much, many, a lot of (lots of)

Much, many, a lot of (lots of)

+ COUNTABLE  NOUN         

There aren’t many cans of cola.

Are there many swimmers in the sea?

We use a lot of or lots of in positive and negative sentences and questions.

We’ve got a lot of orange juice.

Hurry up! We haven’t got a lot of time.

Were there lots of people at the swimming pool?

We can use these words without a noun when it is clear what we are talking about:

 I’ve got some money with me but not much.

I’ve got a lot to do today. (x a lot of to do)

Much and many in positive sentences are formal. 

Many of the experiments produced useful results. (formal)

We prefer a lot of or lots of for informal use.

Come on. We’ve got a lot of work to do. (informal)

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