The most commonly used relative pronouns in English are who, which, that, whose, when and where. They introduce the relative clause by replacing the noun or pronoun mentioned previously.
- This is the place. We met here.
- This is the place where we met.
The relative pronoun where replaces the noun ‘place‘, joining two sentences together. This kind of sentence is called a relative clause.
WHO and WHICH
We normally use who for people and some pet animals and which for things.
- Is this the person who stole your purse?
- The runner who won the marathon was Italian.
- I like the dress which you bought last week.
- This is the computer which costs a lot of money.
We can use that instead of who or which in most cases.
- Is this the person that stole your purse?
- The runner that won the marathon was Italian.
- I like the dress that you bought last week.
- This is the computer that costs a lot of money.
We use whose as the possessive form of who:
- This is the man whose house we bought.
- Jane married a man whose family adore her.
- The couple whose house was robbed called the police.
- The man whose car we bought moved to Australia.
We use when to introduce time:
- There is a mment in time when everyone needs to rest.
- 5 o’clock is the time when we usually have tea.
- 2013 was the year when their son was born.
- That was the day when we met.
We use where for place:
- I know a place where they serve excellent fish and chips.
- This is the town where I used to live.
- The cafe where we used to go for a drink closed down.
- The sport center where we always go swimming in summer is near my place.
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