Word and Phrases to Use for Summarizing

Hi English learners! Are you writing an essay? Then you probably need to consider using different linking words. Today, we will look at different words and phrases to use for summarizing. 

The words and phrases we’re going to look at are as follows:

  • To sum (things) up
  • To recap
  • All in all
  • in a word
  • Finally/lastly/ultimately
  • The long and the short of it
  • In a nutshell

Words and phrases to use for summarizing

To sum (things) up

We normally use the phrase to give a short summary at the end of a speech, report, etc.

  • To sum up, there are a few different approaches to the problem of poverty in modern society.
  • To sum things up, I’ll go through a list of government directives associated with providing food in remote areas of the country.
  • And finally, to sum up, if you want to be fit and healthy, you need to go on a balanced diet and consider an active lifestyle. 

To recap

We use the phrase to repeat and give the main points in a summary of a speech, research paper, etc.

  • To recap, the primary objective of the survey is to collect data in order to provide answers to the questions of literacy.
  • Let me recap where we’ve got so far in our research relating to exploiting natural mineral resources.
  • To recap briefly, we aim to increase sales by 10 per cent in the next year.

Words and phrases to use for summarizing

All in all

Use the phrase to say that you are considering everything.

  • All in all, plenty are reasons for the gender gap, such as employment inequality, medical care, etc.
  • All in all, it took us two months to identify the population, to choose and plan our data…

In a word

Use the phrase “in a word” to give a short answer or summary.

  • In a word, the demand for the Covid-19 vaccine falls as people become reluctant to get another shot.
  • In a word, there are three ways to tackle the problem. 

Words and phrases to use for summarizing


Use the phrases to close a statement or a speech after all the items in the list mentioned.

  • Finally, I’d like to say that it’s been a great pleasure working with you, and I want to thank you for all your support.
  • Lastly, thank you all for your attention, care and support in our efforts to save our one and only planet.
  • Ultimately, the end goal of our marketing concept is a customer-oriented market in which it is easy to understand customers’ needs and desires.

The long and the short of it

The phrase is used to say that you will say something long and probably complicated shortly without many details.

  • The long and the short of it is that it is necessary to exercise regularly and stop smoking to get fit and healthy.
  • We did some research and the long and the short of it is that the number of people who are using our website is increasing.

Words and phrases to use for summarizing

In a nutshell

You can use the phrase to give a short summary.

  • In a nutshell, these are the main outcomes of the study based on the behaviour of teenagers.
  • This, in a nutshell, is the concept of healthy habits you should try to introduce into your daily routine.
Words and phrases to use for summarizing
Words and phrases to use for summarizing

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