What’s the Difference between Rise, Raise and Arise
Hi English learners! Welcome to a new lesson. We will discuss the difference between the verbs rise, raise and arise.
If someone or something rises, then they move upwards. Rise is an irregular verb – rise/rose/risen. Being an intransitive verb, it doesn’t take an object.
- Sandra rose early this morning. (got up)
- When I came into his office, he rose to greet me. (he stood up)
- The sun rises later in the wintertime.
- After the snow melted, the river rose and flooded the area.
- The smoke rose from the burning forest.
- The balloons rose into the air.
It also means to increase in number or amount.
- The prices of electricity have risen this week.
- Sales rose by 10 per cent compared to last year.
- The people rose in rebellion against the government.
- The temperature will be rising slowly towards the end of the month.
If we say that feelings or emotions rise, then they become stronger.
- His love for her rose every day.
- Anger and dissatisfaction rose among the people before the war.
To raise something generally means to move it to a higher position. It is a regular transitive verb which usually takes an object.
- They ordered two men to raise the flags.
- The student raised his hand.
- Sally raised the hammer and started hitting the meat with it.
- She raised the perfume bottle and smelled it.
We will often find the verb raise in the following expressions:
- A new drug raises hopes for more successful cancer treatment. (it makes people expect that it will be successful)
- The Minister raised a question of unemployment. (he brought the problem to the attention of others)
- Michael raised doubts about the efficiency of the new transport system. (he showed his concern)
- The new government promised to raise the standard of living. (to improve it)
It also means to bring up a child.
- The Petersons raised two children.
- Today, many children are being raised in single-parent families.
Also: to collect money.
- They raised a lot of money for charity last year.
The verb arise is mainly used with abstract nouns to describe a situation or emerging problem. It is an irregular verb – raise/arose/arisen which takes no object.
- An opportunity arose to work for a multinational company in Bruxelles.
- An argument arose among the attendees at the meeting.
- If the need for more accountants arises, we’ll let you know.
- The problem of climate change naturally arose at the meeting.
- After the accident, tension arose between the two countries.
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