We can use relative clauses to make two sentences into one sentence.
|This is my friend.||He lives in New York|
|There are three books.||They form the ‘Lord of the Rings’ series|
|I’ve got a camera||It takes great photos.|
This is my friend who lives in New York.
There are three books which form the ‘Lord of the Rings series.
I’ve got a camera that takes great photos.
The relative clause gives us more information about the person or thing in the main clause.
We introduce a relative clause with a relative pronoun (who, which, that)
WHO is for a relative clause about people:
Do you know the man who owns that shop?
Stephenson is the man who built the locomotive.
WHICH is for a relative clause about animals or things:
I have got a new mobile phone which cost $100.
The horse which won the race has died.
THAT can be used for people, animals, and things:
I’ve contacted all the students that took the exam.
It’s a phone that plays music.
- This is the man _________ saved the child.
- This is the car________ he bought 10 years ago.
- Hose offered an apology ________ Fiona didn’t accept.
- Brian said goodnight to his roommate Justin _______ continued playing video games.
- He drank the juice _____ he made himself.
- Jane, _______ hates spiders, carry bug-stomping boots wherever she goes.
Answers: 1.who, that; 2.which, that; 3.which; 4.who; 5.which, that; 6.who
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